Rene Descartes (1596-1650) had a remarkably short working life, and his output was small, yet his contributions to philosophy and science have endured to the present day. He is perhaps best known for his statement 'Cogito, ergo sum'. By a mixture of 'intuition' and 'deduction' Descartes derived from the 'cogito' principle first the existence of a material world. But Descartes did not intend the metaphysics to stand apart from his scientific work, which included important investigations into physics, mathematics, psychology, and optics. In this book Tom Sorrell shows that Descartes was, above all, an advocate and practitioner of a new mathematical approach to physics, and that he developed his metaphysics to support his programme in the sciences.
Tom Sorell 英国伯明翰大学哲学、神学与宗教学院教授，国际伦理研究中心主任。曾任教于牛津大学、埃塞克斯大学、开放大学，1996至1997年任哈佛大学伦理学研究员。致力于早期现代哲学与哲学史学、道德理论与应用伦理学等领域的研究。著有《霍布斯》（1986）、《道德理论与死刑》（1987）、《科学主义》（1991）、《道德理论与反常行为》（2000）等。